Who were the most important people in Sumerian society?

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Ancient Mesopotamia
Ancient Mesopotamia - The Sumerians
Who were the most important people in Sumerian society?
Ancient Mesopotamia - The Sumerians
The World's first Great Civilization

Ancient Mesopotamia and the Sumerians

The word Mesopotamiacomes from Greek words meaning"land between the rivers."The rivers are the Tigris and Euphrates. The first settlers to this region did not speak Greek, it was only thousands of years later that the Greek-speaking Alexander the Great, King of Macedonia, conquered this land and carried with him his culture.

Who were the most important people in Sumerian society?

Lower Mesopotamia is located the modern country of Iraq, while Upper Mesopotamia is in Syria and Turkey.
Mesopotamia is considered the cradle, or beginning,of civilization. Here large cities lined the rivers and many advances took place. Mesopotamia at first glance does not look like an ideal place for a civilization to flourish. Itis hot and very dry. There is very little rainfall in Lower Mesopotamia. However, snow, melting inthe mountains at the source of these two rivers, created an annual flooding. The flooding deposited silt, which isfertile, rich, soil,on the banks ofthe rivers every year. This is why Mesopotamia is part of the fertile crescent, an area of land in the Middle East that is rich in fertile soil and crescent-shaped.

The Sumerians were the first people to migrate to Mesopotamia, they createda great civilization.Beginning around 5,500 years ago, the Sumeriansbuilt cities along the rivers in Lower Mesopotamia, specialized, cooperated, and made many advances in technology. The wheel, plow, and writing (a system which we call cuneiform)are examples of theirachievements. The farmers in Sumer created levees to hold back the floods from their fields and cutcanals to channel river water to the fields. The use of levees andcanals is called irrigation, another Sumerian invention. (You can play an irrigation simulation game at the British Museum Mesopotamia website by opening the link at the bottom of this page.)

Who were the most important people in Sumerian society?

A typical Sumerian city-state, notice the ziggurat, the tallest building in the city.

The Sumerians had a common language and believed in the same gods and goddesses. The belief in more than one god is called polytheism. There were seven great city-states, each with its own king and a building called a ziggurat, a large pyramid-shaped building with a temple at the top, dedicated to a Sumerian deity. Although the Sumerian city-states had much in common, they fought for control of the river water, a valuable resource. Each city-state needed an army to protect itself from its neighbors.

Watch the video clip below fromDiscovery Education, as Nissaba, a young Sumerian girl, talks about her people's accomplishments. (This clip is no longer available)

(By clicking on any links the user is leaving the Penfield School District website, the district is not responsible for any information associated with these links.)

In 1922, English archaeologist, C. Leonard Woolley went to Southern Iraq in hopes of finding the Sumerian city-state of Ur. Woolley learned archaeology from some of the best of his day, and now he was ready to strike off on his own. Many people felt that Ur was only a myth, but Woolley, the son of a clergyman,was fascinated bythe stories his father told about Ur, which, according to the Bible, was the birth place of Abraham. Abrahamis a centralfigureof Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, three monotheistic religions.

Woolley decided to excavate near the ruins of a ziggurat and began to dig two trenches. Here, Woolley confirmed that the site was the ancient Sumerian city-state of Ur. Woolley's discovery of Uralong withthe artifacts and burials there give us a glimpse of life in Sumer 4,500 years ago. Woolley discovered graves of common people, but also royal graves, including that of a Sumerian queen named Pu-Abi.

Who were the most important people in Sumerian society?

Sargon was an excellent commander, heorganized his armyinto different units, including donkey-drawnwar chariots, used to scare andtrample his enemies.

Around 2,300 BC, the independent city-states ofSumer were conquered by a man called Sargon the Great of Akkad, who had once ruled the city-state of Kish. Sargon was an Akkadian, a Semitic group of desert nomadswho eventually settled in Mesopotamia just north of Sumer. The Sumerian king, Lugal-Zaggisi, tried to form a coalition of Sumerian city-statesagainst Sargon, but he was defeated by the Akkadian. Sargon is considered the first empire builder.Sargon made Agade the capital city of his empire.

Sargon's daughter, Enheduanna, was first world's first credited author because she signed her name to a set of poems she wrote about her gods and goddesses. Sargon's son and grandson ruled after him, but eventually the Akkadian Empire fell, and was replaced by the Old Babylonian Empire. We will learn more about the Babylonians in the next chapter.

Who were the most important people in Sumerian society?

The Akkadian Empire stretched across all of Mesopotamia. You can see the military campaigns of both Sargon, and his grandson, Naram Sin.
Who were the most important people in Sumerian society?

Woolley called this artifact "The Ram in the Thicket." It was found in the Royal Tombs of Ur, and it reminded Woolley of a ram in a story about Abraham. It is now located on displayin the British Museum. It is made from gold leaf, copper, shell, red limestone, and lapis lazuli

Who were the most important people in Sumerian society?

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