Which choice correctly matches a psychological research method with its purpose?

PSYCHOLOGY

knowledge check

QuestionAnswerDr. Gigliotti is conducting an in-depth, intensive investigation of a patient with dissociative identity disorder (DID). He uses psychological tests and interviews to better understand the patient. Dr. Gigliotti is conducting a/an:case studyThe approach that views behavior from the perspective of the brain, the nervous system, and other biological functions is known as the ________ perspective.neuroscienceResearch in which existing data, such as census documents, college records, and newspaper clippings, are examined to test a hypothesis is known as ________.archival researchRegarding theories, which of the following statements is true?Theories vary in their breadth.Penny is a recovering drug addict. Her treatment program emphasizes the influence of her environmentpeople, places, and thingson the use of drugs. Her program reflects the ________ perspective of psychology.behavioralIn an experiment, the ________ variable is measured and is expected to change due to the experimenter's manipulation.dependentIndividual differences are to universal principles what the ________ perspective is to the ________ perspective.humanistic; neuroscienceDr. Estevez prepares a set of questions to ask college students about their drinking behavior and their attitudes toward alcohol. Dr. Estevez is undertaking a/an:survey research.Experimental research requires that the responses of ________ group(s) be compared.at least twoWhich of the following descriptive research methods is incorrectly matched with an advantage?Case study: ability to make valid generalizations to a larger populationWhich of the following branches of psychology studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, and thinking about the world?Experimental psychologyWhich of the following was a disadvantage of introspection?Introspection was not truly scientific.A positive correlation indicates that:as the value of one variable increases, one can predict that the value of the other will also increase.Noreen asserts that our behavior is motivated by inner forces about which we have little awareness or control. This viewpoint is most consistent with the ________ perspective of psychology.psychodynamicWhich perspective below is correctly matched with its description?Gestalt psychology: emphasizes the organization of perceptionWhich of the following guidelines is true regarding the use of nonhuman animals in experiments?Researchers must minimize discomfort, illness, and pain for the animals.________ is a procedure used to study the structure of the mind in which subjects are asked to describe in detail what they are experiencing when they are exposed to a stimulus.IntrospectionHow are cognitive and experimental psychology related?Cognitive psychology is part of experimental psychology.Dr. Petrovic tries to help his clients see how their behavior reflects the choices they have made. He is most likely a ________ psychologist.humanisticCorrelational research is research in which:the relationship between two sets of variables is examined to determine whether they are associated.Gestalt psychologists made substantial contribution to our understanding of:perception.Which of the following is NOT one of the three newer branches of psychology's family tree?Counseling psychology________ is defined as a systematic inquiry aimed at the discovery of new knowledge.ResearchExperimental group is to control group what ________ is to ________.special treatment; no treatmentWhich of the following statements is true regarding the difference between a PhD and a PsyD?A PhD requires a dissertation based on an original investigationWhich branch of psychology explores the relationship between psychological factors and physical ailments or diseases?Health psychologyA ________ is a false treatment, such as a pill, "drug," or other substance, without any significant chemical properties or active ingredients.placeboDr. Alvarez studies how the degeneration of certain components of nerve cells in the brain might contribute to the development of multiple sclerosis. Dr. Alvarez's work best exemplifies the ________ subfield of psychology.behavioral neuroscienceFrederico is presenting the outcomes of an experiment he conducted in a talk at a regional psychology conference. Frederico is engaged in the ________ step of the scientific method, namely ________.last; communicating the resultsWhen a researcher debriefs her participants, she:provides a detailed explanation of her study.Psychology is defined as:the scientific study of behavior and mental processes.How is the diversity of psychology limited in the United States?Counseling psychologists deal with problems that are more specific than the problems that clinical psychologists deal with.Experimental research is to correlational research what ________ is to ________.cause; association________ are broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of interest.TheoriesThe field of phrenology is associated with:Gall.Which of the following areas is correctly matched with its description?focuses on the origin of psychological disorders in biological factorsWhich of the following statements best expresses the relationship between a sample and a population?A population includes a sample.Why are control groups included in experiments?To rule out the idea that something other than experimental manipulation produced the observed results in an experimentIn an experiment, the independent variable is:manipulated by the researcher.Dr. Greenway argues that psychology should focus on observable, measurable behavior. Dr. Cech suggests that psychology should study how people think about and understand the world. Which option below correctly identifies their respective perspectives?Dr. Greenway adheres to the behavioral perspective, and Dr. Cech adheres to the cognitive perspective.Social psychology:is the study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and actions are affected by others.Evolutionary psychologists are especially interested in:how behavior is influenced by our genetic inheritance from our ancestors.________ is the idea that people's behavior is produced primarily by factors outside of their willful control.DeterminismIn order to study mind and behavior, psychologists:rely on the scientific method.The purpose of random assignment to conditions is to:ensure there is an equal chance that participant characteristics will be distributed across the various groups.Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons that college students are so often used as participants in psychological research?They are representative of the population at large.Gestalt psychology may be seen as a reaction to ________.structuralismWhich of the following sequences correctly arranges the steps in the scientific method from first to last?Identify the problem formulate an explanation carry out research communicate the findingsDr. O'Connor is telling his participants before he begins an experiment that their participation is completely voluntary and that they can stop taking part at any time. Dr. O'Connor is:obtaining informed consent.Which of the following descriptive research methods is correctly matched with its description?Naturalistic observation: Behavior is investigated in the environment in which it typically occurs, without intervention by the researcher.Dr. Ebrahim examines how children's friendships change through elementary and middle-school years. Dr. Ebrahim is a/an ________ psychologist.developmentalWhich of the following approaches to psychology is most likely to propose that "the whole is different than the sum of the parts"?Gestalt psychologyIn the context of the psychology of emotion, William James would be most interested in:how behavior aids one's adaptation to the environment.________ is an early approach to psychology that concentrated on what the mind does and the role of behavior in allowing people to adapt to their environments.FunctionalismFiona helps students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) develop effective study regimens. Fiona is most likely a/an ________ psychologist.counselingEach of the following is a descriptive research technique EXCEPT:experimental research.