    # What is sum, difference, product quotient

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That said, I'm wondering if there's a math term for the nature of "sum", "difference", "product", and "quotient".

Now these are obviously the results of specific operations (i.e. sum can only be produced by an addition operation), however is there a math term more appropriate than how I just used "results"?

Another way to put it, say I were building an array of these terms, what would the variable name be?

const someMathTerm = ['SUM', 'DIFF, 'PROD', 'QUOT'];

Sum
Difference
Product
Quotient

The sum of two or more numbers is the outcome of adding these numbers. Example: Calculate the sum of 13, 5 and 8.

Answer: 13 + 5 + 8 = 26

The parts you add are called terms.
Example: Which terms are in the formula y = 3x2 + 6x + 8?
Answer: Three terms, namely 3x2, 6x and 8.

## Difference

The difference of two numbers is the outcome of subtracting these numbers. Example: Calculate the difference of 80 and 14.

Answer: 80 – 14 = 66

The parts you subtrect are also called terms.
The terms in the example 80 – 14 are 80 and –14. This is because you can write 80 – 14 as 80 + –14.

Example: Which terms are in the formula y = 5x2 – 4x – 8?

Answer: Three terms, namely 5x2, –4x and –8.

## Product

The product of two or more numbers is the outcome of multiplying these numbers. Example: Calculate the product of 12 and 7.

Answer: 12 × 7 = 84

The parts you multiply are called factors.
Example: Which factors are in the formula y = 5x(x – 4)?
Answer: Three factors, namely 5, x and x – 4.

### Terms and factors

In formulas you will often come across terms within factors or factors within terms.

Example 1
Name the parts of the formula y = 7x2 – 12x.
The formula is written as the sum of terms 7x2 and –12x.
the term 7x2 consists of factors 7 and x2.
The term –12x consists of factors –12 and x.

Example 2
Name the parts of the formula y = (7x – 8)(3x + 5).
The formula is written as the product of factors 7x – 8 and 3x + 5.
The factor 7x – 8 consists of terms 7x and –8, where term 7x consists of factors 7 and x.
The factor 3x + 5 consists of terms 3x and 5, where term 3x consists of factors 3 and x.

## Quotient

The quotient of two numbers is the outcome of the division of these numbers. Example: Calculate the quotient of 20 and 4.

Answer: 20 : 4 = 5

In the example above, 20 is called the dividend and 4 the divisor.

The outcome of adding two or more numbers gives the sum. Example: 2+8+3+4

The outcome of subtracting the two numbers gives the difference. Example: 8-4

The outcome of multiplying the two or more numbers gives the product. Example: 8*4

The result of the division of one number by another is the quotient. Example: 8 / 4

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