Basics of Arrows and Heads for Small Game Hunting
Steven Rinella May 18, 2018
Its been said that a good arrow will fly true out of a bad bow, but a bad arrow cannot be made to fly well from even the best bow. When hunting small game it is important to have the proper arrow and head combination to get a proper flight.
For instance, pick the wrong length of arrow for your bow set up, and you could have an arrow that fishtails through the air rather than flying like a dart. Arrows are made from wood, aluminum, graphite, carbon fiber, and combinations of these materials. By far, the best-shooting and most practical arrows are made primarily from carbon-fiber, it can be used both as a core and a coating.
Shooters of traditional bows who choose to use wood are doing so for aesthetic purposes, a tradition for the sake of tradition. Several manufacturers of carbon arrows have gone so far as to make carbon arrows with a faux wood finish. This allows traditional archers to look old-timey and pure while still enjoying the performance of Space Age materials. Besides flight performance, carbon-fiber arrows are far more durable than other options. Thats an important thing to keep in mind with small game hunting, where you need arrows that can be fired again and again without breakage.
The weight and diameter of your arrowsand the weight of your broadheads are crucial considerations for big game hunting, where good penetration of bone and muscle is key. For small game hunting, these details are far less important. Instead, you should feel free to use whatever arrows fly best from your particular bow, regardless of weight and flight speed.
Aerial shooting is a major exception to this rule. Your chances of retrieving an arrow with standard fletching thats been fired into the air after a flushing pheasant or an incoming mallard are pretty nil. For these purposes, you want to use flu-flu arrows. Astandard arrow fletched with four or more oversized veins that spiral around the shaft of the arrow. This creates increased drag that rapidly slows the arrow after a short flight of around 30 or so yards.
The rapid deceleration and short flight distance mean you can watch the arrow reach its final destination and then retrieve it easily.
Usually, a Judo point will cause the arrow to hop end over end upon impact, making retrieval very easy. While many hunters use these points strictly for stump shooting as a form of target practice, they are highly effective small game points. Despite the springs, they pack a wallop and will penetrate game quite well.
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