    # What function returns the variance of a population? ## MS Excel: How to use the VARP Function (WS)

This Excel tutorial explains how to use the Excel VARP function with syntax and examples.

## Description

The Microsoft Excel VARP function returns the variance of a population based on an entire population of numbers.

The VARP function is a built-in function in Excel that is categorized as a Statistical Function. It can be used as a worksheet function (WS) in Excel. As a worksheet function, the VARP function can be entered as part of a formula in a cell of a worksheet.

## Syntax

The syntax for the VARP function in Microsoft Excel is:

VARP( number1, number2, ... number_n )

### Parameters or Arguments

number1The first population number used in the calculation.number2, ... number_nOptional. Additional population numbers used in the calculation. There can be up to 30 numbers entered.

## Returns

The VARP function returns a numeric value.

## Applies To

• Excel for Office 365, Excel 2019, Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2011 for Mac, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel XP, Excel 2000

## Type of Function

• Worksheet function (WS)

## Example (as Worksheet Function)

Let's look at some Excel VARP function examples and explore how to use the VARP function as a worksheet function in Microsoft Excel: Based on the Excel spreadsheet above, the following VARP examples would return:

=VARP(C2, C3, C4, C5) Result: 2.71335 =VARP(D2, D3, D4) Result: 61.19468889 =VARP(34.5, 2, 8.9, -4) Result: 215.2425

### Video 